Tilapia is the World’s Fastest Growing Fish Crop

According to a recent study that was carried out by the American Tilapia Association, it was revealed that tilapia is presently the fifth most well-liked seafood eaten in the US. In addition, tilapia farming is the fastest growing aquaculture in the US and around the globe.

Tilapia is also referred to as St. Peter’s fish (because it is believed to be the fish snared by St. Peter in the Sea of Galilee). Tilapia farming has been in existence in Israel for approximately 2,500 years. Unknown to most people is that there are more than 100 classes of tilapia in addition to a number of hybrids. Sketches of tilapia farm have been discovered on Egyptian tombs dating back to as far as 2,500 B.C.

Tilapia played a major role for the Taiwanese folks following World War II. A majority of individuals would have perished if the fish had not been easily accessible as a minimal cost food source. It is the hope of rich nations that tilapia can be provided as a protein source to assist those that are residing in poor nations.

Nutrition

Tilapia fish are rich in protein, minimal in sodium, minimal in saturated fats and cholesterol is made up of essential omega-3 fatty acids, B complex minerals such as iron, phosphorous, calcium and potassium on top of anti-oxidants. They also have tremendously minimal mercury levels in comparison to other types of fish as a result of their short life spans.

Purchasing, storing and handling

Whilst shopping for your groceries, make sure that seafood are the last items in your shopping list. Moreover, store them in a cooler while driving back home. Unlike what you may have heard, it is not that difficult to identify fresh tilapia. You can check the freshness of the tilapia you are buying by:

-        It should have a glossy surface with firmly sticking scales.

-        The gills ought to be crimson and should not contain mucus or slime. Furthermore, there should be no smell coming from the gills.

-        The tummy cavity ought to be clean and should not have cuts.

-        The fish ought to have a slight whiff comparable to the ocean.

To prevent instances of contamination, separate cooked tilapia from uncooked seafood. Once you have handled raw fish, meticulously clean knives, chopping boards, sponges plus hands using hot soapy water. Seafood should always be marinated in the refrigerator and get rid of the marinade once you are through.

Beer soaked tilapia

Serving capacity: Six

Groupings: Main dish

Ingredients

-        Two and a half pounds of tilapia fillets.

-        Two teaspoons of butter.

Learn a Few Useful Things About Tilapia Farming

People have various economic activities that they carry out to support their lives. This depends on the surrounding climatic conditions. There are certain economic activities that can only be carried out in particular places. This means that they cannot do well in other conditions. People who live near large water bodies have greater chances of carrying out fishing. Some individuals specialize in rearing fish in their own fish ponds. Tilapia farming is also practiced in different places all over the world.

Tilapia is quite popular in most parts of the world. This means that there is ready market available for these products. They are bought by large restaurants to prepare them for customers who prefer them. There are certain regions whose main dishes are made from fish. Most customers prefer fresh tilapia and therefore they would come for your products. These form major sources of animal proteins and therefore are preferred in different parts of the world. The tilapias are supposed to be raised in ponds. The pond is suitable for this activity because it enables the fish to feed on the natural plants that grow in these water bodies.

The fish farmer must know how to regulate the population of these animals. This enables him produce quality fish in the market. When the fish become so many, they start competing for the available food hence some may go without the meals for so many days. In this case the weaker and slower ones will not grow bigger. This high population is experienced when both male and female tilapia fish are kept together. In this case, the fish should be harvested regularly to control their population. As a rule of thumb, the fish also need food for their survival in water. When you feel that plankton have reduced in number, then you may apply organic materials such as manure on the pond to facilitate the growth of more plankton so that your tilapia attracts the eyes of customers.

A number of farmers use shallow ponds because they can easily be drained during harvesting seasons. The bottom of the pond should be allowed to dry before introducing new fish into this pond. This allows killing of any unwanted stock that may interfere with the new stock. In some cases you may opt to rear tilapia with other species. This may enable you to get hybrid fish at some point. As long as the different species in the water are able to utilize various food niches, the tilapias will not have certain problems.

When you can follow the guidelines for rearing fish properly, then you are likely to succeed in your tilapia farming. As a fish farmer, you have to come up with ways of controlling pest and diseases that may interfere with your production. There are larger animals that can really lower your yield if you do not consider ways of keeping them away. Dogs prey on fish and therefore should not have a chance to move near your pond. Keep your pond clean so that your fish do not die prematurely because of pollution.

Benefits of Tilapia Farming

Tilapia is ranked in the top three in aquaculture worldwide. production over 3,500,000 tons and increases annually. Because of their protein content, large size, fast growth and palatability, Tilapia are the has been the centre of any aquaculture efforts.

Tilapia are easy to farm. They are also the most profitable fish in aquaculture due to their mode of reproduction, ability to live in cramped conditions, and fast growth. In some places the fish are raised in rice fields during planting time and grow to large sizes (12-18 cm) by the time rice is ready to be harvested. Salmon rely on rich protein feeds which are based on either fish or meat. Commercially farmed tilapia eat vegetable or cereal-based diet.

Tilapia that are grown in inland tanks as well as channels are considered quite environmentally safe, because their waste and disease is contained and not spread to the wild.

Commercially grown tilapia (tillipines) are almost all male. Being fruitful breeders, female tilapia whether in the ponds or the tanks will result end in a large population of small fish.

Tilapia is also processed into skinless and boneless (PBO) fillets: yielding 30% to 37%, depending on the fillet size and the final trim.

The key to any Tilapia farming at your home is something called the “breeder colony”. Large-scale tilapia farming involves the following three species: O. aureus, Oreochromis niloticus, and O. mossambica. Of these tilapia species the one with recognized potential in aquaculture, the Nile tilapia, is the most common in tilapia farming. In some countries, hybrids of 2-4 species of tilapia are also quite popular.

Growth strategies can range from simple to very complex. Relatively simple ones are low in control over the water quality and the food supply. Also by the low farm yields.

In traditional pond tilapia farming, the proper environmental conditions can be maintained through maintaning the balance between the inpus of feed with the natural capacity of farm environment. A fish farm’s natural biological productivity then serves as both a food source and biological filter that helps convert fish waste by-products through natural processes. Increasing the fish stocking densities will place increasing demand on the fish production system. Further energy input in form of labor and water exchange, along with aeration and greater quality fish feeds will all be required to sustain fish culture conditions. As the farm’s production intensifies and the fish feeding rates increase, and also supplemental aeration, the water exchange will be required to maintain a good water quality. Fish stocking densities that are above a 1.5-kg per sq. mtr, aeration is required. Eventually, a final point where any incremental returns on investment cannot be worth the incrementally higher rated of production relative to the higher costs and higher risks. Therefore, increasing the amount of intensity of the fish culture system will not necessarily, (as we have seen) reflect on an increase in total profits.

There are many benefits to be gained from tilapia farming. Tilapia farming can earn a considerably large amount of income from a carefully managed fish farming system.

The Nutritional Value of Tilapia and the Many Ways that It is Cooked

The unique taste of tilapia made its mark to the most popular seafood around the world. Despite of its unique taste, it didn’t sacrifice its healthy benefits to its eaters. Many are still amazed on how tilapia produces its great taste.

Tilapia farming is a profitable business since lots of people nowadays are now aware of the mild taste and health benefits of tilapia as food. There are now already 85 countries that already started farming tilapia making this fish a worldwide phenomenon.

Farming tilapia will be more fun if you are aware that the fish you are selling produces positive health benefits to its consumers. Tilapia has as much as 128 calories after cooking it. It is enough for you to gain all your needed energy for the whole day. Tilapia is also rich in protein just enough for those people who are building their muscles. Though rich in protein, this fish is low in fat. This is indeed recommendable for those who hate fatty foods. The best thing about this seafood is it is rich in Omega3 which is known to good to our hearts. It also contains the recommended value of phosphorus which can help the storage of your energy needed for the whole day of work.

The most popular way cooking is by simply frying it on a vegetable or mustard oil. After frying, you can always make it presentable by adding cheese toppings to enhance its delicious taste. You can also cook tilapia with a hot soup perfect for cold seasons.

Tilapia farming is beneficial to its owners as well to its customers since it can produce profit and positive benefits to our health at the same time. In less time, tilapia will surely take its highest spot in the most bankable seafood around the world.

Handling and Transportation of Tilapia Fingerlings

Handling and transportation of tilapia fingerlings is a process that needs to be carried out with utmost caution. A large number has to be hauled and put in the appropriate water quantity. If this is not done appropriately, it is likely that the mortality of the fingerlings will deteriorate. If you are starting a tilapia farm, there are a couple of things you need to take into consideration to ensure that this end is met.

Condition the Fingerlingstilapia farming 300x200 Handling and Transportation of Tilapia Fingerlings

Prior to the day of transportation, you have to precondition them. This is something that most people tend to overlook as they start tilapia farming and yet, it goes a long way to determine whether one succeeds or not. The fingerlings have to be placed what is known as “hapa” or concrete tanks which are aerated for a maximum of three days from the brood pond or nursery. This prepares them for the change and also ensures that they are better prepared for the handling stress which is witnessed during harvest time. During the conditioning process, the fingerlings should be fed but this should be stopped 24 hours to disposal.

Always make sure that there is no overcrowding in the “hapa” and especially during the mornings when the oxygen levels tend to be low. When you note they are coming up for aeration, this should be an indication you need to decrease the rate. This is something important to keep in mind since it can help you with maintaining your tilapia farm.

Transportation Method

Once you have decided to indulge in Tilapia farming, it is important to note that there are different ways of transporting them to your fish farm. Some of these include the following.

  • For starters, you could use some plastic bags. These come in different sizes and while this is the case, the ones popularly used to transport fingerlings are 20 inches by 30 inches by .003 of double seine glaze. The fingerlings transported in these should be of size twenty two and the bag should hold at least 400 pieces. This should ideal for long distances though the time limit should be twenty four hours. For shorter distances, you can transport up to eight thousand or ten thousand but for less than 6 hours. The temperature should be maintained at 280 C to 300 C.
  • Tank or hauling box: These should be made from aluminum sheet, metal sheet, stainless sheet or fiber glass and it should be designed in a manner that can hold water. The capacity should be 0.18 to 0.24.

Once you learn how to handle and transport fish, you will set up a successful tilapia farm.